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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-144

Persistence of transient urinary incontinence after delivery in obese women: a cross-sectional study


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University for Girls, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Doaa M Saleh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University for Girls, Cairo, 11717
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_134_18

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Aim Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition that can affect up to 50% of the global female population. Recently, it was reported that obesity can affect the risk of postpartum persistent UI. In this study, we aimed to investigate the risk of obesity on the persistence of postpartum persistent UI. Patients and methods We conducted a cross-sectional study on 84 obese women and a similar number of control group during their first year after delivery. The Arabic version of the The International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire was used. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22 for Microsoft Windows. Results There were no statistically significant difference between study groups in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics. Concerning UI before urination, the proportion of obese women with UI before urination was significantly higher than the proportion in the nonobese group (54.8 vs. 19%; P<0.001). In addition, there was highly significant difference between two groups in term of stress UI during cough or sneezing (P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference between two groups in terms of UI during sleep and all time UI (P>0.05). Conclusion This study showed that obesity is a significant, independent risk factor for persistent UI after delivery. Nevertheless, further large-scale studies are still needed to confirm our findings.


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